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RFC 2202
Test Cases for HMAC-MD5 and HMAC-SHA-1.
P. Cheng, R. Glenn. September 1997.

 
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Network Working Group P. Cheng Request for Comments: 2202 IBM Category: Informational R. Glenn NIST September 1997 Test Cases for HMAC-MD5 and HMAC-SHA-1 Status of This Memo This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Abstract This document provides two sets of test cases for HMAC-MD5 and HMAC- SHA-1, respectively. HMAC-MD5 and HMAC-SHA-1 are two constructs of the HMAC [HMAC] message authentication function using the MD5 [MD5] hash function and the SHA-1 [SHA] hash function. Both constructs are used by IPSEC [OG,CG] and other protocols to authenticate messages. The test cases and results provided in this document are meant to be used as a conformance test for HMAC-MD5 and HMAC-SHA-1 implementations. 1. Introduction The general method for constructing a HMAC message authentication function using a particular hash function is described in section 2 of [HMAC]. We will not repeat the description here. Section 5 of [HMAC] also discusses truncating the output of HMAC; the rule is that we should keep the more significant bits (the bits in the left, assuming a network byte order (big-endian)). In sections 2 and 3 we provide test cases for HMAC-MD5 and HMAC-SHA- 1, respectively. Each case includes the key, the data, and the result. The values of keys and data are either hexadecimal numbers (prefixed by "0x") or ASCII character strings in double quotes. If a value is an ASCII character string, then the HMAC computation for the corresponding test case DOES NOT include the trailing null character ('\0') in the string. Cheng & Glenn Informational [Page 1]
RFC 2202 Test Cases for HMAC-MD5 and HMAC-SHA-1 September 1997 The C source code of the functions used to generate HMAC-SHA-1 results is listed in the Appendix. Note that these functions are meant to be simple and easy to understand; they are not optimized in any way. The C source code for computing HMAC-MD5 can be found in [MD5]; or you can do a simple modification to HMAC-SHA-1 code to get HMAC-MD5 code, as explained in the Appendix. The test cases in this document are cross-verified by three independent implementations, one from NIST and two from IBM Research. One IBM implementation uses optimized code that is very different from the code in the Appendix. An implemenation that concurs with the results provided in this document should be interoperable with other similar implemenations. We do not claim that such an implementation is absolutely correct with respect to the HMAC definition in [HMAC]. 2. Test Cases for HMAC-MD5 test_case = 1 key = 0x0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b key_len = 16 data = "Hi There" data_len = 8 digest = 0x9294727a3638bb1c13f48ef8158bfc9d test_case = 2 key = "Jefe" key_len = 4 data = "what do ya want for nothing?" data_len = 28 digest = 0x750c783e6ab0b503eaa86e310a5db738 test_case = 3 key = 0xaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa key_len 16 data = 0xdd repeated 50 times data_len = 50 digest = 0x56be34521d144c88dbb8c733f0e8b3f6 test_case = 4 key = 0x0102030405060708090a0b0c0d0e0f10111213141516171819 key_len 25 data = 0xcd repeated 50 times data_len = 50 digest = 0x697eaf0aca3a3aea3a75164746ffaa79 Cheng & Glenn Informational [Page 2]
RFC 2202 Test Cases for HMAC-MD5 and HMAC-SHA-1 September 1997 test_case = 5 key = 0x0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c key_len = 16 data = "Test With Truncation" data_len = 20 digest = 0x56461ef2342edc00f9bab995690efd4c digest-96 0x56461ef2342edc00f9bab995 test_case = 6 key = 0xaa repeated 80 times key_len = 80 data = "Test Using Larger Than Block-Size Key - Hash Key First" data_len = 54 digest = 0x6b1ab7fe4bd7bf8f0b62e6ce61b9d0cd test_case = 7 key = 0xaa repeated 80 times key_len = 80 data = "Test Using Larger Than Block-Size Key and Larger Than One Block-Size Data" data_len = 73 digest = 0x6f630fad67cda0ee1fb1f562db3aa53e 3. Test Cases for HMAC-SHA-1 test_case = 1 key = 0x0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b key_len = 20 data = "Hi There" data_len = 8 digest = 0xb617318655057264e28bc0b6fb378c8ef146be00 test_case = 2 key = "Jefe" key_len = 4 data = "what do ya want for nothing?" data_len = 28 digest = 0xeffcdf6ae5eb2fa2d27416d5f184df9c259a7c79 test_case = 3 key = 0xaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa key_len = 20 data = 0xdd repeated 50 times data_len = 50 digest = 0x125d7342b9ac11cd91a39af48aa17b4f63f175d3 Cheng & Glenn Informational [Page 3]
RFC 2202 Test Cases for HMAC-MD5 and HMAC-SHA-1 September 1997 test_case = 4 key = 0x0102030405060708090a0b0c0d0e0f10111213141516171819 key_len = 25 data = 0xcd repeated 50 times data_len = 50 digest = 0x4c9007f4026250c6bc8414f9bf50c86c2d7235da test_case = 5 key = 0x0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c key_len = 20 data = "Test With Truncation" data_len = 20 digest = 0x4c1a03424b55e07fe7f27be1d58bb9324a9a5a04 digest-96 = 0x4c1a03424b55e07fe7f27be1 test_case = 6 key = 0xaa repeated 80 times key_len = 80 data = "Test Using Larger Than Block-Size Key - Hash Key First" data_len = 54 digest = 0xaa4ae5e15272d00e95705637ce8a3b55ed402112 test_case = 7 key = 0xaa repeated 80 times key_len = 80 data = "Test Using Larger Than Block-Size Key and Larger Than One Block-Size Data" data_len = 73 digest = 0xe8e99d0f45237d786d6bbaa7965c7808bbff1a91 data_len = 20 digest = 0x4c1a03424b55e07fe7f27be1d58bb9324a9a5a04 digest-96 = 0x4c1a03424b55e07fe7f27be1 test_case = 6 key = 0xaa repeated 80 times key_len = 80 data = "Test Using Larger Than Block-Size Key - Hash Key First" data_len = 54 digest = 0xaa4ae5e15272d00e95705637ce8a3b55ed402112 test_case = 7 key = 0xaa repeated 80 times key_len = 80 data = "Test Using Larger Than Block-Size Key and Larger Than One Block-Size Data" data_len = 73 digest = 0xe8e99d0f45237d786d6bbaa7965c7808bbff1a91 Cheng & Glenn Informational [Page 4]
RFC 2202 Test Cases for HMAC-MD5 and HMAC-SHA-1 September 1997 4. Security Considerations This docuemnt raises no security issues. Discussion on the strength of the HMAC construction can be found in [HMAC]. References [HMAC] Krawczyk, H., Bellare, M., and R. Canetti, "HMAC: Keyed-Hashing for Message Authentication", RFC 2104, February 1997. [MD5] Rivest, R., "The MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm", RFC 1321, April 1992. [SHA] NIST, FIPS PUB 180-1: Secure Hash Standard, April 1995. [OG] Oehler, M., and R. Glenn, "HMAC-MD5 IP Authentication with Replay Prevention", RFC 2085, February 1997. [CG] Chang, S., and R. Glenn, "HMAC-SHA IP Authentication with Replay Prevention", Work in Progress. Cheng & Glenn Informational [Page 5]
RFC 2202 Test Cases for HMAC-MD5 and HMAC-SHA-1 September 1997 Authors' Addresses Pau-Chen Cheng IBM T.J. Watson Research Center P.O.Box 704 Yorktown Heights, NY 10598 EMail: pau@watson.ibm.com Robert Glenn NIST Building 820, Room 455 Gaithersburg, MD 20899 EMail: rob.glenn@nist.gov Cheng & Glenn Informational [Page 6]
RFC 2202 Test Cases for HMAC-MD5 and HMAC-SHA-1 September 1997 Appendix This appendix contains the C reference code which implements HMAC- SHA-1 using an existing SHA-1 library. It assumes that the SHA-1 library has similar API's as those of the MD5 code described in RFC 1321. The code for HMAC-MD5 is similar, just replace the strings "SHA" and "sha" with "MD5" and "md5". HMAC-MD5 code is also listed in RFC 2104. #ifndef SHA_DIGESTSIZE #define SHA_DIGESTSIZE 20 #endif #ifndef SHA_BLOCKSIZE #define SHA_BLOCKSIZE 64 #endif #ifndef MD5_DIGESTSIZE #define MD5_DIGESTSIZE 16 #endif #ifndef MD5_BLOCKSIZE #define MD5_BLOCKSIZE 64 #endif /* Function to print the digest */ void pr_sha(FILE* fp, char* s, int t) { int i ; fprintf(fp, "0x") ; for (i = 0 ; i < t ; i++) fprintf(fp, "%02x", s[i]) ; fprintf(fp, "0) ; } void truncate ( char* d1, /* data to be truncated */ char* d2, /* truncated data */ int len /* length in bytes to keep */ ) { int i ; for (i = 0 ; i < len ; i++) d2[i] = d1[i]; } Cheng & Glenn Informational [Page 7]
RFC 2202 Test Cases for HMAC-MD5 and HMAC-SHA-1 September 1997 /* Function to compute the digest */ void hmac_sha ( char* k, /* secret key */ int lk, /* length of the key in bytes */ char* d, /* data */ int ld, /* length of data in bytes */ char* out, /* output buffer, at least "t" bytes */ int t ) { SHA_CTX ictx, octx ; char isha[SHA_DIGESTSIZE], osha[SHA_DIGESTSIZE] ; char key[SHA_DIGESTSIZE] ; char buf[SHA_BLOCKSIZE] ; int i ; if (lk > SHA_BLOCKSIZE) { SHA_CTX tctx ; SHAInit(&tctx) ; SHAUpdate(&tctx, k, lk) ; SHAFinal(key, &tctx) ; k = key ; lk = SHA_DIGESTSIZE ; } /**** Inner Digest ****/ SHAInit(&ictx) ; /* Pad the key for inner digest */ for (i = 0 ; i < lk ; ++i) buf[i] = k[i] ^ 0x36 ; for (i = lk ; i < SHA_BLOCKSIZE ; ++i) buf[i] = 0x36 ; SHAUpdate(&ictx, buf, SHA_BLOCKSIZE) ; SHAUpdate(&ictx, d, ld) ; SHAFinal(isha, &ictx) ; /**** Outter Digest ****/ SHAInit(&octx) ; /* Pad the key for outter digest */ Cheng & Glenn Informational [Page 8]
RFC 2202 Test Cases for HMAC-MD5 and HMAC-SHA-1 September 1997 for (i = 0 ; i < lk ; ++i) buf[i] = k[i] ^ 0x5C ; for (i = lk ; i < SHA_BLOCKSIZE ; ++i) buf[i] = 0x5C ; SHAUpdate(&octx, buf, SHA_BLOCKSIZE) ; SHAUpdate(&octx, isha, SHA_DIGESTSIZE) ; SHAFinal(osha, &octx) ; /* truncate and print the results */ t = t > SHA_DIGESTSIZE ? SHA_DIGESTSIZE : t ; truncate(osha, out, t) ; pr_sha(stdout, out, t) ; } Cheng & Glenn Informational [Page 9]

   

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